Win32/Conficker [Threat Name] go to Threat

Win32/Conficker.AA [Threat Variant Name]

Available cleaner [Download Conficker Cleaner ]

Category worm
Size 157130 B
Detection created Jan 01, 2009
Signature database version 3730
Aliases Trojan.Win32.Agent.bbof (Kaspersky)
  W32.Downadup.B (Symantec)
  WW32/Conficker.worm.gen.a (McAfee)
Short description

Win32/Conficker.AA is a worm that spreads via shared folders and removable media. It connects to remote machines in attempt to exploit the Server Service vulnerability.

Installation

When executed, the worm copies itself in some of the the following locations:

  • %system%\­%variable%.dll
  • %program files%\­Internet Explorer\­%variable%.dll
  • %program files%\­Movie Maker\­%variable%.dll
  • %appdata%\­%variable%.dll
  • %temp%\­%variable%.dll

A string with variable content is used instead of %variable% .


The worm loads and injects the %variable%.dll library into the following processes:

  • explorer.exe
  • services.exe
  • svchost.exe

The worm registers itself as a system service with a name combined from the following strings:

  • Boot
  • Center
  • Config
  • Driver
  • Helper
  • Image
  • Installer
  • Manager
  • Microsoft
  • Monitor
  • Network
  • Security
  • Server
  • Shell
  • Support
  • System
  • Task
  • Time
  • Universal
  • Update
  • Windows

In order to be executed on every system start, the worm sets the following Registry entry:

  • [HKEY_CURRENT_USER\­Software\­Microsoft\­Windows\­CurrentVersion\­Run]
    • "%variable_name%" = "rundll32.exe "%system%\­%variable%.dll", %random_string%"

The following Registry entries are set:

  • [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\­SYSTEM\­CurrentControlSet\­Services\­%random service name%\­Parameters]
    • "ServiceDll" = "%system%\­%variable%.dll"
  • [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\­SYSTEM\­CurrentControlSet\­Services\­%random service name%]
    • "Image Path" = "%System Root%\­system32\­svchost.exe -k netsvcs"
    • "DisplayName" = "random service name%"
    • "Type" = 32
    • "Start" = 2
    • "ErrorControl" = 0
    • "ObjectName" = "LocalSystem"
    • "Description" = "%variable_name%"
  • [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\­SYSTEM\­CurrentControlSet\­Services\­Tcpip\­Parameters]
    • "TcpNumConnections" = 16777214
  • [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\­SOFTWARE\­Microsoft\­Windows\­CurrentVersion\­explorer\­Advanced\­Folder\­Hidden\­SHOWALL]
    • "CheckedValue" = 0
  • [HKEY_CURRENT_USER\­SOFTWARE\­Microsoft\­Windows\­CurrentVersion\­Applets]
    • "gip" = 0
  • [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\­SOFTWARE\­Microsoft\­Windows\­CurrentVersion\­Applets]
    • "gip" = 0

A string with variable content is used instead of %random service name% .


The following Registry entries are deleted:

  • [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\­Software\­Microsoft\­Windows\­CurrentVersion\­explorer\­ShellServiceObjects\­{FD6905CE-952F-41F1-9A6F-135D9C6622CC}]
    • "wscsvc" = "%filepath%"
  • [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\­Software\­Microsoft\­Windows\­CurrentVersion\­Run]
    • "Windows Defender" = "%filepath%"
Spreading

The worm starts a HTTP server on a random port.


It connects to remote machines to port TCP 139, 445 in attempt to exploit the Server Service vulnerability.


If successful, the remote computer attempts to connect to the infected computer and download a copy of the worm .


This vulnerability is described in Microsoft Security Bulletin MS08-067 .


Spreading via shared folders

The worm tries to copy itself into shared folders of machines on a local network.


The following usernames are used:

  • %username%

The following passwords are used:

  • 123
  • 1234
  • 12345
  • 123456
  • 1234567
  • 12345678
  • 123456789
  • 1234567890
  • 123123
  • 12321
  • 123321
  • 123abc
  • 123qwe
  • 123asd
  • 1234abcd
  • 1234qwer
  • 1q2w3e
  • a1b2c3
  • admin
  • Admin
  • administrator
  • nimda
  • qwewq
  • qweewq
  • qwerty
  • qweasd
  • asdsa
  • asddsa
  • asdzxc
  • asdfgh
  • qweasdzxc
  • q1w2e3
  • qazwsx
  • qazwsxedc
  • zxcxz
  • zxccxz
  • zxcvb
  • zxcvbn
  • passwd
  • password
  • Password
  • login
  • Login
  • pass
  • mypass
  • mypassword
  • adminadmin
  • root
  • rootroot
  • test
  • testtest
  • temp
  • temptemp
  • foofoo
  • foobar
  • default
  • password1
  • password12
  • password123
  • admin1
  • admin12
  • admin123
  • pass1
  • pass12
  • pass123
  • root123
  • pw123
  • abc123
  • qwe123
  • test123
  • temp123
  • mypc123
  • home123
  • work123
  • boss123
  • love123
  • sample
  • example
  • internet
  • Internet
  • nopass
  • nopassword
  • nothing
  • ihavenopass
  • temporary
  • manager
  • business
  • oracle
  • lotus
  • database
  • backup
  • owner
  • computer
  • server
  • secret
  • super
  • share
  • superuser
  • supervisor
  • office
  • shadow
  • system
  • public
  • secure
  • security
  • desktop
  • changeme
  • codename
  • codeword
  • nobody
  • cluster
  • customer
  • exchange
  • explorer
  • campus
  • money
  • access
  • domain
  • letmein
  • letitbe
  • anything
  • unknown
  • monitor
  • windows
  • files
  • academia
  • account
  • student
  • freedom
  • forever
  • cookie
  • coffee
  • market
  • private
  • games
  • killer
  • controller
  • intranet
  • work
  • home
  • job
  • foo
  • web
  • file
  • sql
  • aaa
  • aaaa
  • aaaaa
  • qqq
  • qqqq
  • qqqqq
  • xxx
  • xxxx
  • xxxxx
  • zzz
  • zzzz
  • zzzzz
  • fuck
  • 12
  • 21
  • 321
  • 4321
  • 54321
  • 654321
  • 7654321
  • 87654321
  • 987654321
  • 0987654321
  • 0
  • 00
  • 000
  • 0000
  • 00000
  • 00000
  • 0000000
  • 00000000
  • 1
  • 11
  • 111
  • 1111
  • 11111
  • 111111
  • 1111111
  • 11111111
  • 2
  • 22
  • 222
  • 2222
  • 22222
  • 222222
  • 2222222
  • 22222222
  • 3
  • 33
  • 333
  • 3333
  • 33333
  • 333333
  • 3333333
  • 33333333
  • 4
  • 44
  • 444
  • 4444
  • 44444
  • 444444
  • 4444444
  • 44444444
  • 5
  • 55
  • 555
  • 5555
  • 55555
  • 555555
  • 5555555
  • 55555555
  • 6
  • 66
  • 666
  • 6666
  • 66666
  • 666666
  • 6666666
  • 66666666
  • 7
  • 77
  • 777
  • 7777
  • 77777
  • 777777
  • 7777777
  • 77777777
  • 8
  • 88
  • 888
  • 8888
  • 88888
  • 888888
  • 8888888
  • 88888888
  • 9
  • 99
  • 999
  • 9999
  • 99999
  • 999999
  • 9999999
  • 99999999

The following filename is used:

  • \­\­%hostname%\­ADMIN$\­System32\­%variable%.dll

The worm schedules a task that causes the following file to be executed daily:

  • rundll32.exe %variable%.dll, %random_string%
Spreading on removable media

The worm copies itself into existing folders of removable drives.


The following filename is used:

  • %drive%\­RECYCLER\­S-%variable1%\­%variable2%.%variable3%

A string with variable content is used instead of %variable1-3% .


The worm creates the following file:

  • %drive%\­autorun.inf

Thus, the worm ensures it is started each time infected media is inserted into the computer.

Other information

The following services are disabled:

  • Windows Security Center Service (wscsvc)
  • Windows Automatic Update Service (wuauserv)
  • Background Intelligent Transfer Service (BITS)
  • Windows Defender Service (WinDefend)
  • Windows Error Reporting Service (ERSvc)
  • Windows Error Reporting Service (WerSvc)

The worm launches the following processes:

  • netsh interface tcp set global autotuning=disabled

The worm blocks access to any domains that contain any of the following strings in their name:

  • ahnlab
  • arcabit
  • avast
  • avira
  • castlecops
  • centralcommand
  • clamav
  • comodo
  • computerassociates
  • cpsecure
  • defender
  • drweb
  • emsisoft
  • esafe
  • eset
  • etrust
  • ewido
  • fortinet
  • f-prot
  • f-secure
  • gdata
  • grisoft
  • hacksoft
  • hauri
  • ikarus
  • jotti
  • k7computing
  • kaspersky
  • malware
  • mcafee
  • microsoft
  • networkassociates
  • nod32
  • norman
  • norton
  • panda
  • pctools
  • prevx
  • quickheal
  • rising
  • rootkit
  • securecomputing
  • sophos
  • spamhaus
  • spyware
  • sunbelt
  • symantec
  • threatexpert
  • trendmicro
  • virus
  • wilderssecurity
  • windowsupdate
  • nai.
  • ca.
  • avp.
  • avg.
  • vet.
  • bit9.
  • sans.

The worm will attempt to download several files from the Internet.


The worm runs only encrypted and properly signed files.


The file is stored into the following folder:

  • %temp%

The following filename is used:

  • %variable%.tmp

A string with variable content is used instead of %variable% .


The worm may set the following Registry entries:

  • [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\­SYSTEM\­CurrentControlSet\­Services\­SharedAccess\­Parameters\­FirewallPolicy\­StandardProfile\­GloballyOpenPorts\­List]
    • "%port number%:TCP" = "%port number%:TCP:*:Enabled:%variable%"

The performed data entry creates an exception in the Windows Firewall program.

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